citronella

Calamus

  • English Name : Sweet flag
  • Local Name (Nepali Name)) : Bojho
  • BotanicalName : Acorus calamus
  • Family Name : Araceae
  • Season : June- july
  • Parts Used : Rhizomes

Description

A rhizomatous herb growing on marshy places. Leaves bright green, 15-25 cm long and 0.2-0.5 cm broad, ensiform with distinct midrib. Flowers small, yellow green arranged in cylindrical spadix.

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Appearance :
  • Aroma : Warm, woody spicy
  • Flash Point : 26°F
  • Specific Gravity : 1.0695 to 1.0795 at 23°C
  • Refractive Index : 1.406 to 1.55895 at 23°C
  • Relative Index : 1.402 to 1.55895 at 23° C
  • Ester Value : 2 to 12
  • Ester Value after Acetylation :
  • Optical Rotation : (-) 0° to (-) 7° at 23° C
  • Acid Number : 0.5 to 2.5
  • Total Alcohol : N.A
  • Solubility : soluble in 0.4 to 1.5 vols of 80% alcohol
  • Soluble in water : Insoluble
  • Country of Origin : Nepal
  • Uses :
  • Packaging : 1 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg