citronella

Chamomile

  • English Name : Chamomile
  • Local Name (Nepali Name)) : Daminiful
  • BotanicalName : Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert
  • Family Name : Asteraceae
  • Season : March - April
  • Parts Used : Flowering tops

Description

Chamomile is a common name for several daisy-like plants. They were introduced in Nepal some years ago. They are now cultivated in Terai region. It has flower which is yellowish in color. These plants are best known for their ability to be made into a tea which is commonly used to help with sleep and is often served with either honey or lemon. Its essential oil is extracted through steam distillation process.

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Appearance : Fluid Liquid
  • Aroma : Warm spicy odor, woody-oriental type
  • Specific Gravity : 0.880 to 0.965 at (15 to 25) C
  • Relative Index : 1.333 to 1.45 at (15 to 25) C
  • Ester Value : 3.15 to 35
  • Acid Number : 1.9 to 6.5
  • Solubility : Soluble in 1 - 5 vol of 80% alcohol
  • Soluble in water : Insoluble
  • Packaging : 1 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg