citronella

Citronella

  • English Name : Citronella
  • Local Name (Nepali Name)) : Peere Ghaas
  • BotanicalName : Cymbopogon nardus L, Andropogon nardus
  • Family Name : Poaceae
  • Season : July - September
  • Parts Used : Whole plant

Description

Citronella is a grass having scent like lemon. It is found in terai region of Nepal. It is harvest for commercial purpose. It has insect repellant characteristics so it is popularly known as bio-pesticide. Citronella oil is one of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon. It is extracted by the help of steam distillation process.

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Appearance : Fluid Liquid
  • Aroma : Fresh and sweet
  • Flash Point : 81
  • Specific Gravity : 0.8820 to 0.8875 at 23C
  • Refractive Index : .465 to 1.490 at 23 C
  • Ester Value : 20 to 40
  • Ester Value after Acetylation : 250 to 280
  • Optical Rotation : -2 to - 4 at 23C
  • Acid Number : 0.5 to 3.5
  • Total Alcohol : 80 to 90% geranial
  • Solubility : Soluble in 0.5 to 5 vol. of 70% alcohol.
  • Soluble in water : Insoluble
  • Packaging : 1 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg