English Name : Citronella
Local Name (Nepali Name)) : Peere Ghaas
BotanicalName : Cymbopogon nardus L, Andropogon nardus
Family Name : Poaceae
Season : July - September
Parts Used : Whole plant
Appearance : Fluid Liquid
Aroma : Fresh and sweet
Flash Point : 81
Specific Gravity : 0.8820 to 0.8875 at 23°C
Refractive Index : .465 to 1.490 at 23° C
Ester Value : 20 to 40
Ester Value after Acetylation : 250 to 280
Optical Rotation : -2 to - 4 at 23°C
Acid Number : 0.5 to 3.5
Total Alcohol : 80 to 90% geranial
Solubility : Soluble in 0.5 to 5 vol. of 70% alcohol.
Soluble in water : Insoluble
Uses : It is used as insecticide. It is used as ingredient for soap ,phenyl etc.
Packaging : 1 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg
Citronella is a grass having scent like lemon. It is found in terai region of Nepal. It is harvest for commercial purpose. It has insect repellant characteristics so it is popularly known as bio-pesticide. Citronella oil is one of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon. It is extracted by the help of steam distillation process.