Citronella

English Name : Citronella

Local Name (Nepali Name)) : Peere Ghaas

BotanicalName : Cymbopogon nardus L, Andropogon nardus

Family Name : Poaceae

Season : July - September

Parts Used : Whole plant

Physical and Chemical Properties

Appearance : Fluid Liquid

Aroma : Fresh and sweet

Flash Point : 81

Specific Gravity : 0.8820 to 0.8875 at 23C

Refractive Index : .465 to 1.490 at 23 C

Ester Value : 20 to 40

Ester Value after Acetylation : 250 to 280

Optical Rotation : -2 to - 4 at 23C

Acid Number : 0.5 to 3.5

Total Alcohol : 80 to 90% geranial

Solubility : Soluble in 0.5 to 5 vol. of 70% alcohol.

Soluble in water : Insoluble

Uses : It is used as insecticide. It is used as ingredient for soap ,phenyl etc.

Packaging : 1 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg

Citronella is a grass having scent like lemon. It is found in terai region of Nepal. It is harvest for commercial purpose. It has insect repellant characteristics so it is popularly known as bio-pesticide. Citronella oil is one of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon. It is extracted by the help of steam distillation process.