citronella

Citronella

  • English Name : Citronella
  • Local Name (Nepali Name)) : Peere Ghaas
  • BotanicalName : Cymbopogon nardus L, Andropogon nardus
  • Family Name : Poaceae
  • Season : July - September
  • Parts Used : Whole plant

Description

Citronella is a grass having scent like lemon. It is found in terai region of Nepal. It is harvested for commercial purpose. Citronella oil is one of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon.

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Appearance : Fluid Liquid
  • Aroma : Fresh and sweet
  • Flash Point : 79°C
  • Specific Gravity : 0.8820 to 0.8875 at 23°C
  • Refractive Index : 1.465 to 1.490 at 23°C
  • Relative Index : 1.461 to 1.488 at 23°C
  • Ester Value : 20 to 40
  • Ester Value after Acetylation : 200 to 250
  • Optical Rotation : (-)2 to (-) 4 at 23°C
  • Acid Number : 0.5 to 3.5
  • Total Alcohol : 80 to 90% geranial
  • Solubility : Soluble in 0.5 to 5 vol. of 70% alcohol.
  • Soluble in water : Insoluble
  • Country of Origin : Nepal
  • Uses :
  • Packaging : 1 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg